The spiritual dimension guides the relationships between Native peoples and their lands. Native communities are guided by spiritual instructions that embody the moral and ethical standards by which tribal members conduct their interactions not only with the land but also with each other and with outsiders. Within these communities, selected individuals have access to special powers and esoteric knowledge. The passing down of tribal knowledge is done by respected tribal members at particular places, or during certain times, or to properly prepared persons. Therefore, thorough evaluations will require sufficient time—and permission—to incorporate this traditional information.

Spiritual Dimension